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PYGMY GOAT REGISTRY

The Pygmy Goat is recognised as;
Pygmy Goat - Full blood animals and those that have been bred up through a grading system to MGBA recognised Fullblood stock/semen (by percentage).
Fullblood 100% – derived from overseas purebred Pygmy goats as embryos, born in Australia or from imported semen;
Herdbook – 15/16 ( min 93.75%) animals derived from the use of overseas Fullblood Pygmy semen or Australian Pygmy Herdbook parentage and;
Genetic Recovery (GR) Pygmy stock less than 15/16ths (93.75%) percentage of Pygmy Fullblood or Pygmy Herdbook parentage.

DISQUALIFYING BREED FAULTS (animals can not be registered)
Overshot or undershot jaw visible, more than 1cm (10mm), Obviously crooked face, Hermaphrodism (both male & female), Monorchid/cryptorchid (retained testicle/s).

REGISTRATION RULES
The breeder has the choice to register Pygmy cross animals of 50% and under in the MGBA Registry as either miniature or the pygmy breed.
Pygmy cross animals over 50% must be registered as the Pygmy breed.
Show points belonging to the breed retain with the breed e.g. if shown as a pygmy the show points stay with the pygmy. If shown as a miniature the show points stay with the miniature the show points cannot be transferred between the breeds.

Animals registered as Pygmy breed are not graded, they are known by their percentage.
Pygmies will be known by their percentage on all paperwork and documentation in the MGBA Registry. Animals will be registered with percentage (imported bloodlines) listed.
Miniature bred animals owning Pygmy percentage will have their percentage recorded on Premium Breed and all records.
Miniature breed crossed with Pygmy and registered as Miniatures in the MGBA Registry will be graded.
All Pygmy cross animals can be used in percentage breeding.
Application for registration as per current rules with DNA and Microchip details to be provided (owner/breeder expense).
All animals with Pygmy genetics entering the MGBA database must be DNA verified against Full blood parent’s DNA record(s). All Pygmy wethers 50% and under do not require DNA for registration purposes.
First cross (50%) foundation animals do not require the second parent to be registered/recorded.
First cross (50%) foundation animals can be registered at any age.
First cross (50%) foundation animals will be equivalent to Grade B (for Australian Miniature Goat (AMG) breeding).
The higher the percentage the lower the Australian Miniature Goat Grading.
Pygmy animals at three years old are required to meet the MGBA pygmy breed standards to qualify for their adult status.

DNA
Registration certificates will NOT be generated for DNA pending animals. Animal registrations with DNA pending are not complete prior to proof of genetics being obtained. DNA confirmation and transfer rules apply to pygmy cross animals registered as the Australian Miniature Goat Breed.
All Pygmy cross animals females and intact males 25% and over must be DNA confirmed.
All Pygmy wethers (desexed males) 50% and under do not require DNA for registration purposes.
All Pygmy cross female and males under 25% and that are used in percentage (building) breeding must have DNA confirmed.
The MGBA registry no longer submits DNA. Members are responsible for their own DNA processing and are required to deal direct with the DNA company. Send in your MGBA Animal registration application with a copy of the results of animal’s DNA from the University of Queenslands confirmation letter which will detail the animals details and UQ # approval number. The DNA approval UQ number and reference details will then be used for your animals registration. Include any parents DNA evidence if not registered with the MGBA if you require to use for pedigree. MGBA Registry will process interim documentation in form of MGBA Provisional Certificate for Pygmy bred animals while waiting DNA confirmation. The Provisional Certificate is non-transferable. Breeders are required to forward copy of DNA confirmation letter to the Registry and records will be updated and the updated MGBA Certificate of Registration Certificate will be forwarded to Breeder.
DNA PENDING
MGBA Registry will process interim documentation in form of MGBA Provisional Certificate for Pygmy bred animals pending DNA confirmation. The Provisional Certificate is temporary and non-transferable (members cannot transfer an unregistered animal via the MGBA registry). Provisional Certificates are only valid for 12 months and can be seen in form of a view only document on Premium Breed (will not be sent to members, as problems wtih some breeders using as a selling tool and issuing them to buyers). At time of application for registration, a notification will be sent to the Breeder/owner of the issued Provisional Certificate by Registrar which will allow animal entry to shows and for breeders record. Breeeders are required to forward copy of DNA confirmation letter to the Registry and records will be updated which at that time the temporary document will be upgraded to a MGBA Certificate of Registration and will be forwarded to Breeder..
For showing purposes a provisional document (with expiry date) will allow your animal to show under MGBA show rules. The owner will then have an expiry date of certificate from the time of DNA processing by the University to provide and confirm DNA results. Failure to do this will mean instant disqualification of animals from all shows they have competed at and removal of Australian Champion points as per MGBA show rules.
SALES - Sales prior to DNA being verified.
Registration certificates will NOT be generated for DNA pending animals as above. Animals do not hold registration with the MGBA registry prior to proof of genetics being obtained. Members cannot transfer an unregistered animal via the MGBA registry.
WHERE TO SUBMIT DNA
You can request DNA kits directly and the DNA processing is available from the following company GENESEEK. http://genomics.neogen.com/au/ For a PDF of instructions please Click the following link current from 29/12/2017).

TRANSFER OF ANIMALS FROM OTHER GROUPS

Pygmy bred animals 25% transferred from other Associations require genetics to be confirmed with DNA.

MICROCHIPPING

Micro chipping of the Pygmy is no longer compulsory from 05/01/2018. It is now up to the discretion of the Breeder and a choice whether they choose to microchip these animals. NLIS ear tags with Property identification Code (PIC) still remain compulsory for identification and MGBA registration purposes.

ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
Embryos/Semen must have importation documentation.
Animals born as a result of embryo transfer may be registered at any age.
Animals inseminated with Semen and Embryos that do not meet MGBA height requirements (full sized purebreds and crossbreeds) can/will be listed in the MGBA Database as parents of Genetic recovery animals (GR).

MEASURING
Measured at the wither. (National Pygmy Goat Association, 2013) Height Measurement is to be taken at the highest point of the wither to the ground with the animal standing squarely on all four feet with all legs in a vertical line to the ground, with the head held in an upright relaxed position. Only MGBA members holding current MGBA membership can measure MGBA goats for registration purposes. Different Associations teach different methods in measurement and have different standing techniques.
Animals must have height measured each year (around birth date) for recording with registry as required.
Pygmies applying for 3 year adult upgrade 50% and over must be measured by a qualified MGBA measurer.

CERTIFIED/QUALIFIED MEASURERS
All Grades can be measured and height verified by yourself as owner of the animal.
All Adult Bucks 53.3cm and under and All Adult Does 46cm and under are to be height verified by or in the presence of a Qualified Veterinarian to be considered for registration. Photos must be signed by measurer and submitted with all documentation and correct fees to registrar. Vet used for measuring MUST fill out and sign the HEIGHT VERIFICATION FORM form supplied by the MGBA.
NON CERTIFIED/QUALIFIED MEASURERS
3yr old Bucks and Wethers applying for height verification for : Grade A, Purebred or Purebred Herd book MUST be measured by a Certified measurer/Foundation Breeder/Certified Chief stewart or vet.
3yr old Does applying for height verification Purebred or Purebred Herd book MUST be measured by a Certified Measurer/Foundation Breeder (other than the owner), Certified Chief Steward or vet.
All Adult Bucks 53.3cm and under and All Adult Does 46cm and under are to be height verified by or in the presence of a Qualified Veterinarian to be considered for registration. Photos must be signed by measurer and submitted with all documentation and correct fees to registrar. Foundation breeder or chief steward used for measuring MUST sign and date upgrade form. Vet used for measuring MUST fill out and sign the HEIGHT VERIFICATION FORM form supplied by the MGBA.

PHOTO REQUIRMENTS
Applications require one good quality PHOTO with each application. Please reduce all photo sizes before sending via Email. 500 X 500 Pixels ( 5cm X 5cm ) REDUCING FILES SIZE AND CROPPING PHOTOS FOR MGBA REGISTRATIONS. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aC78h2lmSCA Click the pause button to allow the video to buffer fully before watching, this saves the video starting and stopping while trying to view it.

1. The animal must be in clear view, side on and preferably with head turned toward camera. The photograph must show the whole animal including feet. The animal must be clean, and must look well fed (in good condition).

2. Goats are not to have adornments that impede the overall image of the goat. Photos should be on the goat to be registered only. All photos must be recent.

3. Printed photos must have the animals name printed on the back and should be attached to the correct application. Emailed photos should be correctly named OR sent, one per email with name of goat in subject line.

4. Photos are for Registration Certificate and may be used in the Studbook, so poor quality shots will not be accepted. Any application for registration that is sent in with an incorrect photo will be returned and a reprocessing fee may be applied.


PYGMY GOAT PERCENTAGES

 Percentage breeding is accepted at any level. The percentage of each parent is added together and divided by two to give the offspring percentage.

Example 1:- First cross 50% bred to First cross 50% = (50 + 50) divide 2 = 50%.
Example 2:- First cross 50% bred to Second cross 75% = (50 + 75) divide 2 = 62.5%.

Percentage breeding is accepted with Australian Miniature Goat.
Example 3:- First cross 50% bred to Australian Miniature Goat = (50% + 0) divide 2 = 25%.
This pairing is also accepted as First cross 50% (equivalent Grade B) bred to Australian Miniature Goat (Grade?) = offspring one Grade higher than lowest Grade parent.

4TH CROSS - HERDBOOK

(15/16) = 93.75% Herd book,
Adult does not exceeding 57.0cm. Adult bucks and wethers not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs.
Animals must have one registered FB / HB parent, and one registered 87.5% parent and conform to breed type of parents.

DNA REQUIRED -DNA verified against Fullblood parent’s DNA record(s).
ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED


THIRD CROSS-PUREBRED


(7/8) = 87.5% Purebred
Adult does not exceeding 57.0cm at 3yrs. Adult bucks and wethers not exceeding 60.0cm at 3yrs.
Animals must have one registered FB / HB parent, and one registered 75% parent and must conform to breed type of parents.

DNA REQUIRED - DNA verified against Fullblood parent’s DNA record(s).
ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED


SECOND CROSS


(3/4) = 75%
Adult does should not exceed 58.5cm at 3yrs. Adult bucks and wethers should not exceed 61.0cm at 3yrs.
Animals must have one registered FB / HB parent, and one registered 50% parent.

DNA REQUIRED - DNA verified against Fullblood parent’s DNA record(s).
ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED


FIRST CROSS


.First cross (1/2) = 50%
Adult does should not exceed 59.7cm at 3yrs. Adult bucks and wethers should not exceed 62.2cm at 3yrs.
Animals must have one registered Full blood (FB) or Herd book (HB) parent.

DNA REQUIRED -DNA verified against Fullblood parent’s DNA record(s).
ANIMAL MUST BE MICROCHIPED




The use of both male and female herd book purebred ensures that sex-specific genetic material is accessible (Sponenberg, 2002)



 



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